Value vs Non-Value Scrap Recycling

- Posted by Author: admin in Category: Computers |

WHAT IS SCRAP RECYCLING? 

We are familiar with recycling plastics, clothes and sometimes we are also told to recycle electronic devices to either give them back to the company or in exchange or to donate devices and clothes. We are also advised to throw bio-degradable waste differently so that biodegradable materials which take a longer time to degrade do not hinder the process of bio-degradable materials which take less time to degrade. 

To carry out the process of donation, there are NGOs, garbage collectors who collect the garbage but what about the material that is material, how to reduce or recycle or reuse them? 

The non-usable metals which can no longer be used mostly end up in landfills due to the lack of awareness among people that there are scrap metal recycling industries and the lack of technology to speed up the process of scrap recycling. 

The scrap metals are collected from customers at local scrap yards around the country. Large companies can directly contact the scrap industries instead of contacting the local shops. 

There are two types of metals- 

FERROUS: If a magnet sticks to metal, then it is a ferrous metal. Example – steel or iron. 

NON-FERROUS: If a magnet doesn’t stick to a magnet, then the metal is non-ferrous. Example – copper, aluminum, brass, stainless steel, and bronze. 

An individual or a company can either call the metal scrap recycling vendor and enquire about their process, rate to ensure authenticity. Vendors can be called at your place or a person or an employee can bring their metal scrap to the location of the vendor. 

BENEFITS OF SCRAP RECYCLING. 

Financial Benefit. 

Non-ferrous metals have greater value when exchanged compared to ferrous metals. So, when a large number of scrap metals will be sold, the seller company will gain some profit as scrap value. 

The cost of production of the final product may go down as the cost required to extract metals and process them to reach the desired point from where the metal can be potentially used. 

Environmental Benefit. 

When metals are not collected instead of carelessly dumped on road or anywhere, it is most likely to remain there and end up in soil or water bodies. This reduces water pollution and soil pollution. 

When metals are collectively by respective industries, they go through a series of processes so that the metals can be reused in building several other products. 

This way, there will be less extraction of metals from mining ores resulting in less damage to the soil.   

SCRAP RECYCLING PROCESS. 

Collecting metals. 

There is a different process of collection for different types of metals which are then most likely to be sold to scrap yards. 

Metals are collected from scrap vehicles, steel structures, equipment from several types of industries that are used to produce products, obsolete materials, and scrap from consumers. 

Sorting metals. 

Metals are separated from the mixed metal streams or mixed multi-material waste streams. 

Ferrous and non-ferrous metals are separated with the help of metals.  

The weight and color of the metal are checked to separate metals.  

Over time and wear and tear, metals get rustic and dirty depending on which metals are further separated. 

Processing metals. 

After sorting metals, metals are shredded. Metals are melted to combine together and become into a single piece. This way small pieces will not be left out. 

Metals like steel are melted and aluminum is beaten into thin sheets. 

Melting metals. 

Different metals are melted in different furnaces. This way, metals will separate and this separation is necessary as different metal requires the different temperature to melt down. Depending upon the type of metal and temperature, melting time will also differ.  

Still, the energy that would have been required to produce metal from raw material is more than melting the scrap metal. 

Purifying metals. 

Melted metals are purified to ensure the quality of metals and to ensure that the melted materials are free of contamination such as electrolysis. 

Solidifying metals. 

For transporting or further processing, metals are required to be cooled down during which the melted metals solidify by carried by a conveyor belt. 

Metals are then cut into required weights or shapes such as bars and in kilos, as per the instruction of these processed metal scrap buyers or as per the metal scrap industry company. 

Transporting the metal bars. 

After the metals are melted, solidified, and cut they are packed as per quality or the consumer’s requirement. After which, the final product is sent to the respective buyer’s location which then will be used as raw material by the consumer’s company to produce several products in that company. 

These metals are used to their potential time and then again sent back to the metal scrap industry to repeat the process of recycling scrap metal. 

VALUE SCRAP RECYCLING. 

When scraps are sold in large quantities to the scrap collector, the scrap vendor company gives the seller some amount in return. This is because of the presence of metal in scrap items, especially, non-ferrous material which is a more valuable metal. 

These metals although are being used to their potential but after going through the processes of scrap recycling will gain their potential and can be sold again as raw material. 

Due to this reason, scrap has value in the market and the amount is also considered in the books of accounts.  

Scrap value can be attained by selling the scrap to the scrap vendor or using the scrap material as a trade-in to purchase a new device. 

Reselling through the sites or without reselling sites is also a great option to receive a value for the material.  

NON-VALUE SCRAP RECYCLING. 

Nowadays, almost everything can be reused except very few rare metals. Even some low-quality metals can be produced but they may hinder the function of the produced end-product. 

Households don’t have a large number of scraps at home regularly.  

According to Sadoff e-recycling & data destruction, a phone on average will $4.22. At once, a person can every cell phone in their family but it will be a long time before they sell again to gain a measurable amount of profit. 

This is why, even if they are scrap, they are unable to gain any value to their users are instead of waiting to collect enough scrap materials to have a good value it is better to reuse them. 

Although, the owner of the non-value scrap can’t receive any amount but still can give it to the scrap industries. The scrap value owner can instead reuse the product in the following ways: 

Firstly, try to repair it and see if it can meet the requirements. This way instead of buying a new device or equipment, the repairing will cost less. Even after this, the requirements are not meant then it can resell or can be donated. 

If there is no repair required then you can opt to donate to schools, institutions where you think the device will be of great use. Cell phones can be used as extra phones for extra backup or emergency purposes.  

 If there are several devices in the company, then they can be first repaired and then used for tasks that require the support of a low processor. 

Most importantly the user must be aware that even if a product claims to be sturdy, it still has the potential to get damaged which is why materials, equipment should be used properly, taken care and checked at regular intervals. 

Instead of dumping in the normal dustbin with different other non-metal products or rather with food scrap, give it to the nearby NGOs or institutions who demand these second-hand products. 

WHICH IS BETTER: VALUE OR NON-VALUE RECYCLING? 

Non-value or value recycling will require the electronic devices to be sanitized first. 

Secondly, getting rid of the devices, metals, metals from scraps will allow the seller to have more space in the premises. 

Thirdly, instead of these materials ending up in landfills and increasing pollution, these materials will be utilized and once again will achieve a potential value. Ultimately, the material will be used, will serve its purpose in a functioning manner. 

The difference lies that while recycling a valuable scrap, an amount can be expected in return depending on the type of metal and material. 

Therefore, the main factor lies with the value. Ideally, the goal is to reduce e-waste, prevent pollution and maintain a healthy environment. This is why we are first required to reduce the consumption of materials and not use them in abundance.  

It is impressive that we have come so forward that we can recycle metals and other essential materials but it is also necessary that we be aware of people around us as well and encourage people to not only use 3 Rs for metals but anything they can. Also, it is necessary to spread awareness of how to dispose of different types of materials.   

It is possible that what we consider scrap can be valuable to someone else.